In a victory for New Mexico’s air, climate, and water, the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico today rejected a 2015 oil and gas lease sale covering 19,788 acres of oil and gas leases on the Santa Fe National Forest. The Bureau of Land Management failed to quantify the full life cycle of emissions from oil and gas, including their indirect and cumulative effects on people and the environment. Likewise, the BLM failed to analyze the water quantity impacts of fracking a region currently suffering extraordinary drought that has closed the forest to public use altogether. The court sent the leases back to the BLM and U.S. Forest Service, which must now perform a true analysis of fracking impacts on the Santa Fe National Forest.
“The law requires the government to look before they leap into fracking on our public lands, which includes an honest look at how the continued exploitation of oil and gas will impact our climate and future generations” said Kyle Tisdel of the Western Environmental Law Center. “This decision rejects the rubber stamp mentality of our public land managers on the Santa Fe National Forest, even as the government continues to approve unstudied fracking throughout New Mexico’s Greater Chaco region.”
“We are happy with the court’s decision that supports our assertion that federal agencies are failing to adequately uphold environmental protections intended to ensure the health of the land, people and cultural landscapes on public lands,” said Carol Davis of Diné Citizens Against Ruining Our Environment.
“With the Santa Fe National Forest being targeted for fracking, it’s clear the oil and gas industry believes there is no place sacred in the American Southwest,” said Jeremy Nichols with WildEarth Guardians. “With our climate and our future at stake, we’re pleased the court agrees we can’t blindly sacrifice our public lands for fossil fuel extraction.”
Citizens and organizations submitted more than a hundred protest letters opposing the lease sale, which perpetuates a dangerous pattern of federal agencies erroneously relying on the 15-year-old Farmington RMP to facilitate a rush to frack New Mexico’s Mancos Shale without proper environmental analysis. BLM is currently writing an amendment to the RMP to reflect these new technologies—admitting that the 2003 RMP is obsolete.
Horizontal wells have double the surface impact (5.2 acres) of vertical wells (2 acres) and emit over 250 percent more air pollution, including toxic volatile organic compounds and greenhouse gases. Horizontal wells also require 5-10 times more water – a significant concern in the arid Southwest.
Horizontal drilling and multi-stage fracking uses hundreds of thousands of gallons of highly pressurized water and toxic chemicals to shatter underground geology. This toxic cocktail includes known carcinogens and chemicals harmful to human health. If a wellbore is not properly sealed and cased, or its integrity is otherwise compromised, these chemicals can escape as they move through the wellbore, risking groundwater contamination.
“The Bureau of Land Management is the agency that oversees oil and gas leasing on these parcels of the Santa Fe National Forest. The judge’s decision affirms that BLM has ignored significant adverse impacts known to occur from oil and gas development in their quest to approve new oil and gas projects,” said Mike Eisenfeld, Energy and Climate Program manager of San Juan Citizens Alliance.
”Today’s ruling sends a strong message that this administration cannot ignore the effects on water, climate, and communities in their reckless attempts to sell off America’s public lands to the fossil fuel industry,” said Sierra Club Rio Grande Chapter Director Camilla Feibelman. “We will continue to fight to prevent BLM from allowing any new fracking in the Greater Chaco region.”
“Unwise oil and gas development in our headwaters can destroy key water resources – such as high priority wetlands – and puts the future water supply for downstream New Mexico communities and ecosystems at risk,” said Rachel Conn, projects director for Amigos Bravos. “Instead of being ripped up for short term profits, the headwaters found in the Santa Fe National Forest should be maintained so they continue to provide water for wildlife, agriculture, and families.”
The groups involved in the lawsuit include the San Juan Citizens Alliance, Diné Citizens Against Ruining Our Environment, Amigos Bravos, WildEarth Guardians, and the Sierra Club. The challenged leases would have expanded oil and gas drilling and fracking into previously undeveloped areas of the Santa Fe National Forest on the remote and steep west side of the Jemez Mountains north of Cuba and near the San Pedro Parks Wilderness.
A copy of the decision is available here.