Pacific Gray Wolf
Our goal is to restore gray wolves in the wild in Washington, Oregon, and California. We work to develop sound public policy that supports and encourages the return of gray wolves. We partner with conservation groups across the Northwest and work with state and federal officials to achieve this goal.
The last known wolf den in Yellowstone—prior to the wolf's recent comeback—was destroyed in 1923. By the 1940s, the animals were extinct in the northern Rocky Mountains—shot, trapped, or poisoned. (A few hundred remained in the U.S., mostly in northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.) Then, at the dawn of the modern conservation movement the wolf emerged as a symbol of the nation's vanishing wild heritage. It was among the first animals protected under the 1973 Endangered Species Act. (Source: http://www.smithsonianmag.com)
However, a loophole in the wolves' endangered species protection authorizes U.S. wildlife officials to kill wolves that prey on livestock on federal land and permits landowners to do the same on their property. Thus, the most common cause of death for wolves is conflict with people over livestock losses. Another serious threat is habitat loss.